Thursday, 30 April 2015


In Most of the cases,the problem with the ovulation will be the main cause of fertility in women.

Ovulatory disorders:

In Order to become pregnant, A woman needs to ovulate.Ovulation is defined as the process of producing and releasing an egg. The Ovulatory disorder may be a result of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is one of the most common hormonal disorders among female.It is affecting approximately 6 % – 12 % of women all over the world. In addition to other symptoms (abnormal menstrual periods, central obesity, hair loss, acne, hirsutism, etc.), PCOS results in anovulation (absence of ovulation).


Endometriosis is a disorder when tissue that belongs to the uterus grows in other locations (for example, ovaries, Fallopian tubes, tissues surrounding uterus and pelvic cavity). The name endometriosis refers to the inner layer of the uterus which is called endometrium. This disorder affects up to 10% of women in reproductive age. About 30% -50% of women with endometriosis are infertile. There are many mechanisms how endometriosis causes infertility. If it affects ovaries, cysts may develop and anovulation occurs. In addition to infertility, endometriosis is accompanied by other symptoms including painful and heavy periods, pain at the ovulation and pain during sexual intercourse.

Pelvic adhesions:

Pelvic adhesions are strings or bands of scar tissue that develop around the Fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus and bowel. Usually, these adhesions occur as a result of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Tubal blockage:

Healthy and open Fallopian tubes are necessary for getting pregnant because that is where the sperm fertilizes the egg. When the tubes are blocked or damaged, the sperm cannot reach the egg and conception is not possible. Causes of tubal blockage vary from anatomical abnormalities, previous surgeries in uterus or tubes and infection due to sexually transmitted diseases, especially chlamydia or gonorrhea.


Hyperprolactinemia is defined as a condition of abnormally high level of prolactin in the blood. Prolactin is a hormone released by a gland which is located in the brains and is called the pituitary gland. This hormone is important for reproduction, control of behavior and maintenance of the internal environment stability.

Other causes

In some cases infertility may be a result of uterine fibroids (also known as myomas) that grows inside the uterus. Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that vary in size and usually do not cause any symptoms. However, they can block Fallopian tubes and interfere with implantation of a fertilized egg.

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